Tuesday, September 25, 2007

Epigrams for the Working Person.

Here's something to keep you interested, dear readers, until my next posting, which I hope will be soon.

I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger. Then it hit me.
Police were called to a daycare where a three-year-old was resisting a rest.
Did you hear about the guy whose whole left side was cut off? He's all right now.
The roundest knight at King Arthur's round table was Sir Cumference.
To write with a broken pencil is pointless.
When fish are in schools they sometimes take debate.
The short fortune teller who escaped from prison was a small medium at large.
A thief who stole a calendar got twelve months.
A thief fell in wet cement. And broke his leg . He became a hardened criminal.
Thieves who steal corn from a garden could be charged with stalking.
We'll never run out of math teachers because they always multiply.
When the smog lifts in Los Angeles , U C L A.
The math professor went crazy with the blackboard. He did a number on it.
The professor discovered that her theory of earthquakes was on shaky ground.
The dead batteries were given out free of charge.
If you take a laptop computer for a run you could jog your memory.
A dentist and a manicurist fought tooth and nail.
What's the definition of a will? (It's a dead giveaway)
A bicycle can't stand alone; it is two tired.
Time flies like an arrow; fruit flies like a banana.
A backward poet writes inverse.
In a democracy it's your vote that counts; in feudalism, it's your Count that votes.
A chicken crossing the road: poultry in motion.
If you don't pay your exorcist you can get repossessed.
With each marriage she got a new name and a dress.
Show me a piano falling down a mine shaft and I'll show you A-flat miner.
When a clock is really hungry it goes back four seconds.
The guy who fell onto an upholstery machine was fully recovered.
A grenade fell onto a kitchen floor in France, resulted in Linoleum Blownapart.
You are stuck with your debt if you can't budge it.
He broke into song because he couldn't find the key.
A calendar's days are numbered.
A lot of money is tainted: 'Taint yours, and 'taint mine.*

A boiled egg is hard to beat.
He had a photographic memory which was never developed.
A plateau is a high form of flattery.
When you've seen one shopping center you've seen a mall.
When she saw her first strands of gray hair, she thought she'd dye.
Bakers trade bread recipes on a knead to know basis.
Santa's helpers are subordinate clauses.
Acupuncture: a jab well done.
And finally, there was the person who sent forty-two different puns to his friends, with the hope that at least ten of the puns would make them. Laugh. No pun in ten did.

And Now For Something Completely Different

Sunday, September 23, 2007

Over Mexican Skies

On the afternoon of March 4 2004, ten thousand five hundred feet above the city of Ciudad del Carmen, in the state of Campeche, Mexico, a twin engined surveillance airplane belonging to the 501 Aerial Squadron of the Mexican Air Force, with its three crew members, was on a routine exercise of keeping a lookout for drug-smuggling airplanes by means of radar and infra-red video cameras.

Around 5.00 pm there appeared on the radar screen, and on the infra-red camera, an unknown craft. The surveillance plane moved closer so the crew could get a closer look. Then the unknown craft flew away at a very high speed, too fast for the surveillance plane to pursue it. It should be noted that the surveillance plane’s crew couldn’t actually see the unknown craft, which only the plane’s radar and infra-red cameras could detect.

Then the unknown craft reappeared on the radar and infra-red screens and it seemed to be following or chasing the surveillance plane. Then another craft appeared on the screens, and joined the first craft in its pursuit of the surveillance plane. Somewhat naturally, the crew were disconcerted, if not fearful, for, bloody hell, what could this be? Their confusion was made worse a few seconds later when even more unknown craft appeared on the radar and infra-red screens. This brought the number to eleven, which, again, the crew couldn’t actually see, but only on the radar and infra-red camera screens.

Then these strange craft enveloped the surveillance plane. What to do? Why not, thought the captain, turn out all the plane’s lights and see what happens. The lights were accordingly turned off, so everything became completely dark - except of course for the light emanating from the radar screen and infra-red camera, with their images of the unknown craft - whereupon they (the strange craft) disappeared from the radar and camera screens, never to be seen again.

The Mexican Department of Defense took this incident very seriously and investigated it thoroughly, examining the recorded images and the data, and interrogating the crew. After completing the investigation, the Mexican Department of Defense, instead of making this all a big secret - as the US Department of Defense would undoubtedly have done – went totally the other way, and, by the order of Secretary of Defense, General Clemente Vega Garcia, contacted the nationally-known journalist and UFO researcher, Jaime Maussan, and turned over to him all the relevant tapes and data, and gave him permission to interview the crew, so that he might evaluate what happened, and publicise it if he so wished.

After Maussan examined everything and talked to the crew, he gave a public presentation of his findings which you, too, can look at if you click on to the link at the bottom of this posting. But you should first know that, in his presentation, Maussan has expanded beyond the above-described incident, which we might describe as a Close Encounter of the First Kind, except that the UFOs themselves couldn’t be seen by the naked eye.

I’m led, by the way, to understand that if you point a TV remote control at a camcorder, and hold down the channel button while looking through the camcorder’s viewfinder, you’ll see the remote control’s infra-red light, even though you can’t see it with the naked eye. This may explain why the crew of the spotter plane could catch the images of the strange craft on tape, but not actually see them themselves.

I’m also informed that most of us can’t see beyond the basic spectrum of light. Some people, though, are more sensitive to the light spectrum, which might explain why they see UFOs but most of their fellow humans don’t. Just because we can’t see something doesn’t mean it’s not there.

I had mentioned, before I digressed, that Jaime Maussan in his public presentation of his analysis of the surveillance plane’s radar and infra red tapes, expanded on the topic by talking about other aspects of the Unseen and Unexplained. Thus there is a segment showing film of certain people being distracted by funny noises and strange phenomena, while apparently being watched by beings with sticklike bodies and large heads with large sloping eyes - the classic extra-terrestrial beings seen by abductees.

You should, however, look at this segment with the proverbial pinch of salt, since such pictures and film can be faked. Jaime Maussan, the passionate ufologist that he is, has in the past sometimes allowed his enthusiasm to cloud his judgement, has allowed valour to be the better part of discretion, and so has sometimes innocently presented films, tapes, and photos of UFOs and related phenomena as true, but which were subsequently shown to be fakes.

However this doesn’t apply to the Mexican Air Force surveillance plane’s tapes of the unknown craft it encountered, since these tapes were demonstrably genuine.

The final segment of Jaime Maussan’s presentation deals with crop circles. Just as the film footage of the surveillance plane’s tapes of the unknown craft is genuine, so also is the film footage of the crop circles, since crop circles are a fact, and what is shown of them in Maussan’s presentation is stuff most of us have seen before in other settings. But crop circles remind us all of how mysterious they are, for they aren’t all man-made.

A crop circle aficionado can quickly tell those which are man-made from those which aren’t. Inside the man-made circles the stems of the hay or wheat, or whatever, are broken – having being flattened by heavy rollers. But the non man-made circles are something else, since the plant stalks are bent over unbroken about an inch off the ground and near the stem’s first node (or knuckle).

But when these stems are put under a microscope it is found that their molecular structure, as well as many other characteristics, is somewhat different from that of plant stems outside the circle, the result of having had very intense heat directed at them, of the sort produced by microwaves or ultrasound. The same goes also with the soil inside the circles, which, like the plants, shows signs of having been on the receiving end of intense heat, and is molecularly different from soil outside the circles.

There have been over ten-thousand crop circles observed, most in England. They are usually formed at night, between two and four AM in the wee hours during the short English summer nights. The non-human entities, whatever they are, that make these crop-circles are very cunning, for they produce them under the noses of the crop-circle junkies who are looking for them. Some seekers have seen large balls of brilliant colour which project beams of light into farmer’s fields, which the next morning display a new crop circle.

In 1996, a pilot flying above Stonehenge reported nothing unusual below, but fifteen minutes later a huge 900 foot crop circle, of an extremely intricate design, had appeared next to Stonehenge.

In the matter of crop-circle designs, they are becoming progressively more complex as time goes on. You will see examples in Jaime Maussan’s video presentation.

We can only conclude that crop circles are made by intelligences we know not of, and that they are telling us they're here, but only a mere handful of us choose to notice, since the big Kahunas who own the MSM (mainstream media) and who rule over us have convinced us that we, who think non-humans make crop circles, are nut-cases, since if we all believed that mysterious intelligences Out There are monitoring us, and making crop-circles to tell us they’re here, and are flying all those UFOs which we keep seeing, this would be utterly subversive of the status quo, which the big Kahunas, whether in business or government, have a vested interest in maintaining, for without the status quo, we might become restless and begin to think, and to ask inconvenient questions of the Big Kahunas, who absolutely don't want us to do this.

Now to Jaime Maussan’s video presentation which you can watch by clicking here.


Mexican D o D Acknowledges UFOs Over Mexico
Mexican Air Force Pilots Film UFOs
A Brief Education on Crop Circles
Plant Abnormalities
The Crop Busters
Peculiarities of Crop Circles

Tuesday, September 11, 2007

Why We Believe Lies

Below is an article by Shankar Vedantam which appeared in the Washington Post on September 4th 2007, on why we are so gullible. I found it of great interest, and so might you, dear readers:

The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently issued a flier to combat myths about the flu vaccine. It recited various commonly held views and labeled them either "true" or "false." Among those identified as false were statements such as "The side effects are worse than the flu" and "Only older people need flu vaccine."

When University of Michigan social psychologist Norbert Schwarz had volunteers read the CDC flier, however, he found that within 30 minutes, older people misremembered 28 percent of the false statements as true. Three days later, they remembered 40 percent of the myths as factual.

Younger people did better at first, but three days later they made as many errors as older people did after 30 minutes. Most troubling was that people of all ages now felt that the source of their false beliefs was the respected CDC.

The psychological insights yielded by the research, which has been confirmed in a number of peer-reviewed laboratory experiments, have broad implications for public policy. The conventional response to myths and urban legends is to counter bad information with accurate information. But the new psychological studies show that denials and clarifications, for all their intuitive appeal, can paradoxically contribute to the resiliency of popular myths.

This phenomenon may help explain why large numbers of Americans incorrectly think that
Saddam Hussein was directly involved in planning the Sept 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, and that most of the Sept. 11 hijackers were Iraqi. While these beliefs likely arose because Bush administration officials have repeatedly tried to connect Iraq with Sept. 11, the experiments suggest that intelligence reports and other efforts to debunk this account may in fact help keep it alive.

Similarly, many in the Arab world are convinced that the destruction of the
World Trade Center on Sept. 11 was not the work of Arab terrorists but was a controlled demolition; that 4,000 Jews working there had been warned to stay home that day; and that the Pentagon was struck by a missile rather than a plane.

Those notions remain widespread even though the federal government now runs Web sites in seven languages to challenge them. Karen Hughes, who runs the Bush administration's campaign to win hearts and minds in the fight against terrorism, recently painted a glowing report of the "digital outreach" teams working to counter misinformation and myths by challenging those ideas on Arabic blogs.

A report last year by the
Pew Global Attitudes Project, however, found that the number of Muslims worldwide who do not believe that Arabs carried out the Sept. 11 attacks is soaring -- to 59 percent of Turks and Egyptians, 65 percent of Indonesians, 53 percent of Jordanians, 41 percent of Pakistanis and even 56 percent of British Muslims.

Research on the difficulty of debunking myths has not been specifically tested on beliefs about Sept. 11 conspiracies or the Iraq war. But because the experiments illuminate basic properties of the human mind, psychologists such as Schwarz say the same phenomenon is probably implicated in the spread and persistence of a variety of political and social myths.

The research does not absolve those who are responsible for promoting myths in the first place. What the psychological studies highlight, however, is the potential paradox in trying to fight bad information with good information.

Schwarz's study was published this year in the journal Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, but the roots of the research go back decades. As early as 1945, psychologists Floyd Allport and Milton Lepkin found that the more often people heard false wartime rumors, the more likely they were to believe them.

The research is painting a broad new understanding of how the mind works. Contrary to the conventional notion that people absorb information in a deliberate manner, the studies show that the brain uses subconscious "rules of thumb" that can bias it into thinking that false information is true. Clever manipulators can take advantage of this tendency.

The experiments also highlight the difference between asking people whether they still believe a falsehood immediately after giving them the correct information, and asking them a few days later. Long-term memories matter most in public health campaigns or political ones, and they are the most susceptible to the bias of thinking that well-recalled false information is true.

The experiments do not show that denials are completely useless; if that were true, everyone would believe the myths. But the mind's bias does affect many people, especially those who want to believe the myth for their own reasons, or those who are only peripherally interested and are less likely to invest the time and effort needed to firmly grasp the facts.

The research also highlights the disturbing reality that once an idea has been implanted in people's minds, it can be difficult to dislodge. Denials inherently require repeating the bad information, which may be one reason they can paradoxically reinforce it.

Indeed, repetition seems to be a key culprit. Things that are repeated often become more accessible in memory, and one of the brain's subconscious rules of thumb is that easily recalled things are true.

Many easily remembered things, in fact, such as one's birthday or a pet's name, are indeed true. But someone trying to manipulate public opinion can take advantage of this aspect of brain functioning. In politics and elsewhere, this means that whoever makes the first assertion about something has a large advantage over everyone who denies it later.

Furthermore, a new experiment by Kimberlee Weaver at
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and others shows that hearing the same thing over and over again from one source can have the same effect as hearing that thing from many different people -- the brain gets tricked into thinking it has heard a piece of information from multiple, independent sources, even when it has not. Weaver's study was published this year in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

The experiments by Weaver, Schwarz and others illustrate another basic property of the mind -- it is not good at remembering when and where a person first learned something. People are not good at keeping track of which information came from credible sources and which came from less trustworthy ones, or even remembering that some information came from the same untrustworthy source over and over again. Even if a person recognizes which sources are credible and which are not, repeated assertions and denials can have the effect of making the information more accessible in memory and thereby making it feel true, said Schwarz.

Experiments by Ruth Mayo, a cognitive social psychologist at
Hebrew University in Jerusalem, also found that for a substantial chunk of people, the "negation tag" of a denial falls off with time. Mayo's findings were published in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology in 2004.

"If someone says, 'I did not harass her,' I associate the idea of harassment with this person," said Mayo, explaining why people who are accused of something but are later proved innocent find their reputations remain tarnished. "Even if he is innocent, this is what is activated when I hear this person's name again.

"If you think 9/11 and Iraq, this is your association, this is what comes in your mind," she added. "Even if you say it is not true, you will eventually have this connection with Saddam Hussein and 9/11."

Mayo found that rather than deny a false claim, it is better to make a completely new assertion that makes no reference to the original myth. Rather than say, as Sen.
Mary Landrieu (D-La.) recently did during a marathon congressional debate, that "Saddam Hussein did not attack the United States; Osama bin Laden did," Mayo said it would be better to say something like, "Osama bin Laden was the only person responsible for the Sept. 11 attacks" -- and not mention Hussein at all.

The psychologist acknowledged that such a statement might not be entirely accurate -- issuing a denial or keeping silent are sometimes the only real options.

So is silence the best way to deal with myths? Unfortunately, the answer to that question also seems to be no.

Another recent study found that when accusations or assertions are met with silence, they are more likely to feel true, said Peter Kim, an organizational psychologist at the
University of Southern California. He published his study in the Journal of Applied Psychology.

Myth-busters, in other words, have the odds against them.

Now we know why we’re so gullible and conformist, and therefore continue to believe nonsense even when shown it’s nonsense. Religion is as good an example as any.

But it’s not just religion, it’s everything we were told by our mothers and fathers, and rammed down our throats by society generally. For instance, girls throughout their childhood are told their object in life is to marry and become mothers. But should they, when grown, not want to marry because they see men as boorish and stupid, and not want children because they just don’t like them, or for other sensible reasons, they feel guilty nonetheless.

And boys when growing up are told they must be tough and stoic, must never cry, must be sun-loving extroverts and drink beer and love football. But should they be shy and bookish, and like to watch Ingmar Bergman films, and go for solitary walks in the rain and mist, rather than play football, and like to drink white wine, and wish, when grown-up, to study the violin rather than join the Marine Corps or become an investment banker, they’ll feel guilt all their lives.

Have any of you, dear readers, ever experienced visiting, after many decades, the neighbourhood where you played as a child, looked at the house you grew up in? Doesn’t it all seem now much smaller and shabbier than you remembered it? As a child, everything looked bigger because you were so small, everything you came across was fresh and new. In your middle-age you still remembered your childhood house as a palace, the scrubby field you once played in as lush and green, the pot-holed side-road you once skipped along as a wide boulevard.

But when you returned from your visit to where you grew up, and went back to your present life, and present home - your little Shangri-la - your nondescript childhood house returned to being a palace, the scrubby field again became lush and green, the side-road went back to being much wider and longer. Your impressions of them based on your recent visit were soon erased from your mind because they weren’t your first childhood ones.

The imaginary homeland of our childhood will live in us always.

Regarding human gullbility, Richard Dawkins, in his book “The God Delusion”, speculates about its evolutionary origins . Perhaps, he thinks, our propensity to believe anything, no matter how outragious, comes from when our distant forebears lived close to nature, so were vulnerable to attacks from wild animals and otherwise threatened by the elements. Small children not obeying their parents’ orders, in, for instance, matters of safety, because they thought it stupid, were more likely to be caught and eaten by a wild animal, than were obedient, more unquestioning children. Therefore the more gullible, the more unquestioning and conformist the child, the more likely it would survive to pass on its genes when grown-up.

This does explain so much about us.

And Now For Something Completely Different

A stick, a stone,
It's the end of the road,
It's the rest of a stump,
It's a little alone

It's a sliver of glass,
It is life, it's the sun,
It is night, it is death,
It's a trap, it's a gun

The oak when it blooms,
A fox in the brush,
A knot in the wood,
The song of a thrush

The wood of the wind,
A cliff, a fall,
A scratch, a lump,
It is nothing at all

It's the wind blowing free,
It's the end of the slope,
It's a beam, it's a void,
It's a hunch, it's a hope

And the river bank talks
of the waters of March,
It's the end of the strain,
The joy in your heart

The foot, the ground,
The flesh and the bone,
The beat of the road,
A slingshot's stone

A fish, a flash,
A silvery glow,
A fight, a bet,
The range of a bow

The bed of the well,
The end of the line,
The dismay in the face,
It's a loss, it's a find

A spear, a spike,
A point, a nail,
A drip, a drop,
The end of the tale

A truckload of bricks
in the soft morning light,
The shot of a gun
in the dead of the night

A mile, a must,
A thrust, a bump,
It's a girl, it's a rhyme,
It's a cold, it's the mumps

The plan of the house,
The body in bed,
And the car that got stuck,
It's the mud, it's the mud

Afloat, adrift,
A flight, a wing,
A hawk, a quail,
The promise of spring

And the riverbank talks
of the waters of March,
It's the promise of life
It's the joy in your heart

A stick, a stone,
It's the end of the road
It's the rest of a stump,
It's a little alone

A snake, a stick,
It is John, it is Joe,
It's a thorn in your hand
and a cut in your toe

A point, a grain,
A bee, a bite,
A blink, a buzzard,
A sudden stroke of night

A pin, a needle,
A sting, a pain,
A snail, a riddle,
A wasp, a stain

A pass in the mountains,
A horse and a mule,
In the distance the shelves
rode three shadows of blue

And the riverbank talks
of the waters of March,
It's the promise of life
in your heart, in your heart

A stick, a stone,
The end of the road,
The rest of a stump,
A lonesome road

A sliver of glass,
A life, the sun,
A knife, a death,
The end of the run

And the riverbank talks
of the waters of March,
It's the end of all strain,
It's the joy in your heart.